Our attempt to help you identify the source of
nectar which the bees use to produce your honey crop has not been done without a
great deal of study. We owe a great deal to the various sources of
information listed in these pages. No one person can be an expert of where
honey plants are found and our maps are not meant to be all inclusive. We
would like to credit the following sources and recommend you purchase any that
you may find valuable.
The honey plants of the United States included in this list is by no
means complete. It is designed to help a beekeeper find the possible
source of nectar his bees are gathering. This is done in several ways: each link
below will take you to a particular plant. Each plant is identified by
photographs and a map location . Following the map and pictures are
descriptions of the plants features, pollen color and pollen grain
identification. We will be adding more honey plants from the southwest and
other areas as we can get pictures to include in our descriptions. Watch
the web site for updates.
The color of honey
color of honey varies considerably according to the nectar source of the
honey. I would like to thank Dave Heilman of the OSU bee lab in
Wooster, Ohio for providing me with these samples of honey.
These samples represent the wide range of colors found in honey and are
identified from the left to the right as: very light clover honey, amber
star thistle honey, dark amber blueberry honey, and buckwheat honey which is
almost black. To help with some description of honey, these
colors may be of some help but the pollen grains in these honey samples can
tell us the true source. Looking at color alone can not determine what
the nectar source is or if it is a combination of nectar sources. A
dark honey for example, might be overheated lighter honey. Taste is
also a factor to take into consideration.
is the clover honey with backlight.
This is the star thistle honey with backlight.
is the blueberry honey with backlight.
is the buckwheat honey with backlight. Without light the buckwheat honey
The reference books we used to collect information
about honey plants are listed below. The two best honey plant books on
the subject are by Frank Pellet and John Lovell. We have relied on the
information in them; however, they were written 50 to 75 years ago and
farming practices have changed quite a bit since then. We have tried
to update material to be current with today's plant information.
Our Trees How to Know Them photographs
by Arthur Emerson and text by Clarence M. Weed. Copyright 1936 by J.
B. Lippincott Company
Honey Plants of North America by John
H. Lovell copyright 1926 by The A. I. Root Company. This book is
available as a reprint for the A.I. Root Company and if you do not have a
copy of a honey plant book, we strongly urge you to purchase a copy of this
one. We consider it better than the next book listed.
American Honey Plants by Frank C.
Pellett Copyright 1920 and published by Dadant & Sons. Many
editions of this book have been published and it is often available at used
book stores. You might search the internet for a copy.
The Pollen Loads of the Honey Bee
by Dorothy Hodges copyright 1984 by International Bee Research
Association. This book has also been through many
editions. This is a classic for anyone wanting to study pollen.
A colour guide to pollen loads of the
honey bee by William Kirk copyright 1994 by International Bee Research
Association. A larger and expanded number of pollen plants
compared to Hodges book.
Pollen grains of Canadian honey plants by
Clifford Crompton and Walter Wojtas. Copyrighted in 1993 by Minister
of Supply and Services Canada.
An Atlas of Selected Pollen Important
to Honey Bees in the Eastern United States by Stephen Bambara and Nancy
Leidy. Copyright 1991 by North Carolina State Beekeepers Association.
Florida Honey and Beekeeping
by Waldo Horton and Isabelle Thursby. Published in 1958 at Bulletin
No. 66 by the Department of Agriculture, State of Florida.
Geological Survey Bulletin No. 7
"Honey Plants of Iowa" by L.H. Pannel and Charlotte King and
others. Published 1930 by the Iowa Geological Survey by the state of
Weeds of the North Central States
Bulletin 772 published by the Agricultural Experiment Stations of
Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin in 1981.
Peterson Field Guide to Wildflowers
by Tory Peterson and Margaret McKenny published in 1986.
Beekeeping in California publication
21422 by Eric Mussen, Len Foote, Norman Gary, Harry Laidlaw, Robbin
Thorp and Lee Watkins copyright 1987 by The Regents of the University
of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
Beekeeping in Western Canada by P.
Pankiw and D. L. Nelson published in 1975 by Canada Department of
Beekeeping In Ontario by G. F.
Townsend and P. W. Burke published by Ontario Agricultural College, Guelph.
|Honey Plants Click on
the links below to find out more about each one of them.
Pumpkin, Squash, Cucumber
Raspberry, Blackberry, Dewberry